Australia is a substantial alumina producer, accounting for about 20% of world production each year. Australian alumina production is expected to total 19.9 million tonnes in 2014-15, with volatility over the past five years due to large price changes. Alumina output is expected to decline in 2014-15, as Rio Tinto's Gove refinery ceased output in June 2014 and domestic demand from aluminium smelters falls. Alumina output surged in 2012-13 as the full-year effect of large expansions at the Worsley (WA) and Yarwun (QLD) refineries drove volume growth.
Firms in the industry refine bauxite into alumina (or aluminium oxide), a process that is sometimes also called bauxite refining. All of Australia's alumina refineries use the Bayer process, which involves grinding the bauxite and mixing it with sodium hydroxide. After settling, that mixture is filtered, and the alumina is recovered and allowed to crystallise. Finally, the alumina is washed and dried. Alumina is not able to be stored as easily as aluminium or bauxite.
The report covers the scope, size, disposition and growth of the industry including the key sensitivities and success factors. Also included are five year industry forecast, growth rates and an analysis of the industry key players and their market shares.