US refractories demand will accelerate through 2011 and reach $2.5 billion. Nonmetallic mineral markets such as cement, ceramic and glass production will show the biggest growth. Bricks and shapes will outpace monolithics, due in part to performance advantages such as the reduced heat-up time of preformed shapes. This study analyzes the $2.3 billion US refractories industry. It presents historical demand data for the years 1996, 2001 and 2006, and forecasts for 2011 and 2016 by refractory form (e.g., bricks, shapes, monolithics); material (e.g., nonclay, clay); and market (e.g., metal industries, nonmetallic mineral processing, engineering contractors, nonmanufacturing, petroleum and chemicals). The study also considers market environment factors, details industry structure, evaluates company market share and profiles 26 major players, including ANH Refractories, Cookson, LWB Refractories, Minerals Technologies, Morgan Crucible, Resco Products, RHI, and Saint-Gobain.